World Health Day 20167 Apr 2016
World Health Day 2016 is Beat Diabetes! World Health Day is celebrated on 7 April every year to mark the founding of the World Health Organization. It raises awareness of key public health issues and this year the focus is on diabetes. Over 85,000 people in Northern Ireland have been diagnosed with diabetes, of which about 1,000 are children. With diabetes on the increase it’s important we all know more. What is diabetes? Diabetes is a serious, chronic disease that occurs either when the body does not produce enough insulin or when we cannot effectively use the insulin we do produce.
There are three major types of diabetes: - Type 1 diabetes which is the most frequent among children and adolescents; - Type 2 diabetes which is the most frequent among adults and it is linked to obesity or overweight, lack of physical activity and poor nutrition; and - Gestational diabetes which is a complication of pregnancy that affects an estimated 10% of pregnancies globally. Prevention Often diabetes can be prevented. Simple lifestyle measures have been shown to be effective in preventing or delaying the onset of Type 2 diabetes.
To help prevent Type 2 diabetes, people should:
• Achieve and maintain healthy body weight.
• Be physically active - at least 30 minutes of regular, moderate-intensity activity on most days.
• Eat a healthy diet of between 3 and 5 servings of fruit and vegetables a day and reduce sugar and saturated fats intake.
• Avoid tobacco use – smoking increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
• Find out your cholesterol level - if it's high, reduce it by eating a low-fat diet. • Be aware of the symptoms and risk factors (such as family history) of diabetes.
• Have your blood pressure checked - treated if it is high. RADAR plays a big role in prevention and works closely with partners like with SPAR to promote healthy eating. Using the Eatwell Plate model we encourage healthier food choices.
Our team has developed a Key Stage 2 topic which covers the main food groups and nutrients, highlighting the importance of a healthy balanced diet, and prepares primary school students to investigate different foods. What to do if you have some symptoms?
The NHS has a simple diabetes self assessment questionnaire which takes just 2 minutes. If you think you have If you have any of the symptoms of diabetes or you think you are at risk, you should contact your GP. It doesn’t necessarily mean you have diabetes, but it’s worth checking.
Early diagnosis, treatment and good control are vital for good health and reduce the chances of developing serious complications. You can find more information by clicking here.